Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The flag of Brazil was adopted on November 19, 1889. The flag has a green field with a large rhombus in the center and a blue circle inside the rhombus. Inside the circle there are 27 stars and a white band running diagonally with the motto “Ordem e Progresso” (Order and Progress). The green and yellow colours represent the colours of the first imperial couple and the founders of the Brazilian monarchy. The blue disc stands for the colour of the sky on the morning of November 15, 1889 when the Republic of Brazil was declared. The stars represent the way the stars and constellation were seen on November 15, 1889.