The southernmost of the Windward Islands, Grenada made world headlines in 1983 when the US and Caribbean allies mounted an invasion to sever links with Castro’s Cuba.

Geography: Volcanic in origin, with densely forested central mountains. Its territory also includes the islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique.

 Climate: Tropical, tempered by trade winds. Hurricanes are a hazard in the July–November wet season.

 People and Society: Grenadians are mainly of African origin; their traditions remain strong, especially on Carriacou. Inter-ethnic marriage has reduced tensions between the groups. Extended families, often headed by women, are the norm. Wealth disparities are not marked, but levels of poverty are growing.

 The Economy: Severe damage from Hurricane Ivan in 2004 to crops and 90% of buildings; reconstruction will take years. Nutmeg, cocoa, bananas, and mace. Smuggling is a serious problem.

 Insight: Known as “the spice island of the Caribbean,” it is the world’s second-largest nutmeg producer


 Official Name: Grenada

 Date of Formation: 1974

 Capital: St. George’s

 Population: 103,900

 Total Area: 131 sq. miles (340 sq. km)

 Density: 793 people per sq. mile

 Languages: English*, English Creole

 Religions: Roman Catholic 68%, Anglican 17%, other 15%

 Ethnic Mix: Black African 82%, Mixed race 13%, East Indian 3%, other 2%

 Government: Parliamentary system

 Currency: East Caribbean dollar = 100 cents

DX Countries


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