Norway

Norway

The Kingdom of Norway traces the rugged western coast of Scandinavia. Settlements are largely restricted to southern and coastal areas. Vast oil and natural gas revenues bring prosperity.

Geography: The western coast is indented with numerous fjords and features tens of thousands of islands. Mountains and plateaus cover most of the country.

 Climate: Mild coastal climate. Inland, the weather is more extreme, with warmer summers and cold, snowy winters.

 People and Society: Fairly homogeneous; influx of refugees from 1990’s Bosnian conflict. Strong family tradition despite high divorce rate. Fair-minded consensus promotes female equality, boosted by the generous childcare provision. Wealth is more evenly distributed than in most developed countries. Voted not to join EU in 1994.

 The Economy: Western Europe’s top oil and natural gas producer: trust fund saves for post-oil future. Metal, chemical, and engineering industries. Generous aid donor. High cost of living.

 Insight: Near Narvik, mainland Norway is only 4 miles (7 km) wide

 Fact-File:

 Official Name: Kingdom of Norway

 Date of Formation: 1905

 Capital: Oslo

 Population: 4.81 million

 Total Area: 125,181 sq. miles (324,220 sq. km)

 Density: 41 people per sq. mile

 Languages: Norwegian* (Bokmål and Nynorsk), Sámi

 Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 89%, other 10%, Roman Catholic 1%

 Ethnic Mix: Norwegian 93%, other 6%, Sámi 1%

 Government: Parliamentary system

 Currency: Norwegian krone = 100 øre

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