The flag of Angola was established on November 11, 1975. The flag contains two bands, one red and one black. The red represents the bloodshed by the Angolans during their independence struggles and the black represents the continent of Africa. In the center of the flag is a symbol of a crossed cog wheel (gear), a machete and a star. The cog wheel represents the workers and industry. The machete represents peasantry. The symbol was adopted when Angola adopted a Marxist Government and was made to resemble that of the hammer and sickle that was used on the flag of the former Soviet Union.