The flag of Singapore is a bicolour flag coloured red on top and white on the bottom. On the canton of the flag there is a white crescent moon facing toward the fly and a pentagon made up of five stars. The crescent moon is said to represent a young nation on the ascendant while the five stars symbolize the nation’s ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. The red colour on the flag represents universal brotherhood and the equality of man. The white stands for pervading and everlasting purity and virtue. Singapore’s national flag was first adopted on December 3, 1959 and was reconfirmed on August 9, 1965 after Singapore gained full independence.